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Trader's dictionary

The Trader’s Dictionary contains explanations of many of the financial terms that successful traders use on a daily basis. This Glossary covers over 200 terms related to the world of finance and trading. Knowing the terms and understanding their meanings will help you learn about trading.

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There are currently 28 names in this directory beginning with the letter S.

S&P 500
The S&P 500 (SPX, Standard & Poor's 500) is a US stock index that includes the 505 largest public companies by capitalization whose shares are listed on US stock exchanges. The index is available for trading in many terminals in the form of CFD contracts or in the form of derivatives - futures and options.

SBUX is the ticker symbol for Starbucks Corp.

A scalper is an active intraday trader who uses scalping as a trading approach..

Scalping is a type of short-term intraday trading in the financial markets, characterized by a high frequency of transactions and their small size.

A security is a document certifying the right of its owner to a share of the total capital, which was received as a result of the initial placement of securities. In other words, a security shows how much of the organization's capital a particular person owns and under what conditions he can receive this capital. Securities include: shares, bonds, bills, bank savings books, investment shares, savings certificates, checks, depositary receipts and others. The rights conferred by a security to its owner are valid only if it is presented.

Sell - the sale of a financial asset, a deal to sell.

Sell-limit - a pending order to sell, which is above market prices.

Sell-stop - a pending order to sell, which is below market prices.

Setup - a price model suitable for making a deal.

Shareholder is the owner of shares in a joint-stock company. A shareholder is a co-owner of a joint-stock company and has the right to receive dividends (profit from the results of its activities).

Sharpe Ratio
Sharpe Ratio is an indicator of the effectiveness of a trading portfolio, a systematic strategy, a trading algorithm. The use of the Sharpe ratio in Forex algorithmic trading is as the ratio of the average annual return to the annual standard deviation.

Short - literally “short deal”, a deal to sell.

Slippage - the absence of quotes at the given price levels, associated with the sparsity of the order book.

SMI (Swiss Market Index) is the main stock index in Switzerland. The index consists of the 20 largest companies in the country by capitalization, whose shares are traded on the Swiss Exchange (Swiss Exchange, SWX).

Speculation is a kind of noble activity in the financial markets, which consists in making a profit on the difference in prices for financial assets.

A speculator is a type of noble participant in the financial markets who engages in speculation.

SPGI is the ticker symbol for S&P Global Inc.

Spot - type of settlement between the buyer and the seller, when the transaction is made immediately, unlike futures or options.

Spread - the distance between the Bid and Ask prices.

Statement - statistics of trading results of a trader or fund.

A stock or securities market is an exchange (a physical location such as Wall Street and the NYSE) where transactions are made to buy, sell, or publicly offer securities and other instruments.

Stock market
Stock market - a centralized exchange market where shares of companies of a certain country are traded. Famous stock exchanges: New York - NYSE, NASDAQ; London - LSE; Tokyo Stock Exchange, etc.

Stop-loss - a pending order that fixes the loss planned by the trader.

Subordinated bond
A subordinated bond is a debt security issued by a commercial organization that ranks below other securities in the order of payment in the event of bankruptcy or liquidation of the organization. In other words, in case of bankruptcy or liquidation of an organization, payments are first sent to the shareholders of the company, and only after (in the case of a positive balance) to holders of subordinated bonds. Unlike an ordinary bond, which is considered one of the most reliable securities, a subordinated bond is a more risky security due to its unsecured nature. There are fewer requirements for issuing subordinated bonds than for ordinary bonds. Subordinated bonds offer higher returns than conventional bonds due to their increased risk.

Support is a horizontal or sloping price level that holds the price and prevents it from falling further.

Swap - see Overnight.

System trading
System trading is trading in which entries and exits from transactions are carried out strictly according to previously set rules. No intuitive or other trade management methods are allowed. System trading, although it can be used manually, but most often, such approaches are automated and delegated to the computer.