Словарь трейдера eng

Trader's dictionary

The Trader’s Dictionary contains explanations of many of the financial terms that successful traders use on a daily basis. This Glossary covers over 200 terms related to the world of finance and trading. Knowing the terms and understanding their meanings will help you learn about trading.

Словарь англ

Все | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y
There are currently 14 names in this directory beginning with the letter O.

Offer - the desire and ability of the participant to sell the instrument at a certain price.

OHLC prices
OHLC prices are four prices displayed on candlesticks or bars. These are: opening (open), maximum (high), minimum (low), closing (close). On a bullish bar (growth bar), the closing price is always higher than the opening price. On a bearish (falling) bar, the closing price is always lower than the opening price.

Open Interest
Open Interest - is also called the “Sum of Open Positions”. Open interest is the sum of open futures or options contracts that have not been settled. In a word, open positions. OI is a popular indicator among traders. Information is taken from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange - CME (Chicago Mercantile Exchange).

Optimization is the process of adjusting various variables in a trading strategy. This can be a stop loss level, take profit level, or setting the indicator parameters. Optimization is part of the backtest process.

An option is an instrument that gives its owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a financial instrument at a specified rate in a certain period of time.

Order - a trader's application to open a position.

Order book
Order book - all stop and limit orders for the purchase or sale of an instrument held by the dealer at a certain point in time.

Order flow
Order flow - a set of all transactions that enter the order book and that affect pricing.

Oscillator - an indicator limited by the levels of 0% and 100%. Oscillators are called leading indicators because they often reach extreme values before price reversals. Profitable oscillator signals are most likely in flat markets. However, trends do not leave oscillators a chance for profitable signals, since the trending oscillator spends most of its time in the extreme zone.
Oscillators include the following indicators: Stochastic, Williams’% R, RSI, Momentum and some others. Even the MACD can be referred to as oscillators, although it formally does not have upper and lower swing limits.

Overbought - this value is usually given when the price of a financial instrument has risen a lot. Overbought refers to the “overheating” of the price. As a rule, overbought signals a stop or a price reversal down. Two indicators to help with overbought conditions are RSI and Stochastic.

Overfitting - or re-optimization of a trading strategy - adjusting the parameters of a strategy on historical testing, in which the strategy shows profitable results on history, but, as a rule, "breaks" in real trading.

Overnight - percentage of the transaction volume held by the broker for transferring the position to the next day. This percentage depends on the interest rates of the countries whose currencies are involved in the trader's transaction.

Oversold - here everything is the same as with overbought, only mirrored. If the price of a financial instrument has passed a significant downtrend, then it is considered oversold and undervalued. Oversold signals buys. Measured by RSI and Stochastic indicators.