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Trader's dictionary

The Trader’s Dictionary contains explanations of many of the financial terms that successful traders use on a daily basis. This Glossary covers over 200 terms related to the world of finance and trading. Knowing the terms and understanding their meanings will help you learn about trading.

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There are currently 19 names in this directory beginning with the letter D.

DAX (German: Deutscher Aktienindex) is a key stock index in Germany and one of the most important stock indexes in the European Union. The index is calculated by the exchange organization Deutsche Börse AG and includes the 30 largest companies in Germany by capitalization

Daytrader - a trader who makes transactions, as a rule, within a day, without transferring them to the next trading session or day.

Dealer - a market participant acting as a counterparty in a transaction with customers.

Decentralized market
Decentralized market - a market where trading takes place not in one physical place, but on different trading platforms.

Deflation - a decrease in the general price level or an increase in the real value of money. The causes of deflation can be: a decrease in the amount of money in circulation; a fall in aggregate demand for goods and services with a non-decreasing supply; an increase in aggregate supply with a non-increasing demand; reduction in the cost of goods caused by increased productivity; a decrease in prices for imported goods and services due to the revaluation of the national currency. Deflation is said to hurt the economy, as falling prices reduce business income and further incentives for economic development. The opposite of deflation is inflation.

Demand - the desire and ability of a participant to buy an instrument at a certain price.

Deposit - the amount of the account on which the trader conducts his trade in financial instruments.

Depreciation is a gradual decrease in the value of fixed assets of an enterprise due to their wear and tear. In other words, the physical or moral depreciation of property, which is expressed in money.

Derivative - a derivative financial instrument such as a futures, forward, or option.

Direct quotation
Direct quotation is a quotation method in which the US dollar (USD) is in the numerator. Directly quoted currency pairs include USDCAD, USDCHF, USDJPY, etc.

Discretionary analysis
Discretionary analysis - is also called intuitive trading. A way to analyze price movements using logic, without the use of strict rules and technical indicators.

Divergence - occurs when the price rises and the indicator moves down.

Diversification - the distribution of risks by markets, instruments, strategies.

Dividend - part of the profits of a joint-stock company, which is subject to distribution among the owners of securities in proportion to their shares in the company. Dividends are one of the two key investment reasons for acquiring shares in public companies (the second reason is the increase in share price over time). The dividend is paid once in a period (quarter, year), which is predetermined by the company. Dividends can be paid either in cash or in shares of the company.

Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJI) - The Dow Jones Industrial Average is one of the most famous American stock indices, which includes the 30 largest US companies. The index is available for trading in many terminals in the form of CFD contracts or in the form of derivatives - futures and options.

Double bottom
Double bottom - a graphical analysis figure that is formed when, over a certain period of time, the price twice reached a certain lower extremum (extreme point) and then rose to a higher level. The double bottom is a bullish pattern and signals the beginning of an uptrend.

DOW is the ticker symbol for Dow Inc.

Drawdown - a loss received during the time from reaching the historical peak of the yield curve to the historical minimum of the yield curve.