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Trader's dictionary

The Trader’s Dictionary contains explanations of many of the financial terms that successful traders use on a daily basis. This Glossary covers over 200 terms related to the world of finance and trading. Knowing the terms and understanding their meanings will help you learn about trading.

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There are currently 27 names in this directory beginning with the letter B.

BA is the ticker symbol for Boeing.

BAC is the ticker symbol for Bank of America Corp.

Backtest - testing of trading systems on historical data.

Balance sheet
Balance sheet is a set of information presented in tabular form about the value of property and the volume of obligations of the company. The balance sheet is a form of financial statements that gives an idea of the financial condition of the company: the success and stability of the business, the amount of debt burden, the likelihood of bankruptcy. As a rule, the balance sheet is prepared at the end of the quarter or year.

Bar - a vertical element of the price chart, reflecting 4 prices (opening, high, low, closing) for a certain time period (minute, hour, day, etc.).

Bar spread
The bar spread is the difference between the high and low of the candle.

Barrel is a unit of measure for the volume of oil, equal to 42 gallons or approximately 159 liters. A barrel used to measure other solids or liquids may differ in volume from a "petroleum" barrel: a standard US barrel holds 31.5 gallons, or about 119 liters; English barrel holds 36 English gallons, which is equivalent to 163.7 liters.

Base currency
Base currency - in a currency pair, the base currency is the first, i.e. is in the numerator.

Basis point
Basis point is a value equal to one hundredth of a percent, or 0.01%. Basis points are used in news reports about the change in indicators, measured as a percentage. For example, if the key interest rate in the US economy was 1.5% and then decreased by 25 basis points, then its new value is 1.25%.

Bear - a market participant who expects a price drop. A bear market is a falling market.

BEL 20
BEL 20 (Belgium 20) is the most famous stock index in Belgium. The index includes the 20 largest companies by capitalization, whose shares are traded on the Euronext Brussels (EBR) stock exchange.

Benchmark - an indicator that investment strategies, managers or funds strive for. A benchmark index or instrument that shows the component of a country's economy. For example, in America the benchmark is the S&P 500 index, in Russia - the RTS and MICEX indices.

Bid - the price in the order book at which a trader can open a sell trade.

BIIB is the ticker symbol for Biogen Inc.

Bill of exchange
Bill of exchange - a security that obliges a person to pay another person a specific amount within a specified period. The bill can be used as a means of payment and settlement, as well as act as a means of obtaining a loan. A promissory note is a security, which makes it possible to carry out purchase and sale transactions with it on the stock market.

BKNG is the ticker symbol for Booking Holdings Inc.

Blue chips
Blue chips are securities of large, liquid and reliable companies with stable returns. The term itself came to the financial markets from poker, in which blue is the color of the most valuable chip.

A bond is a debt security issued by a government or corporation. The most conservative instrument after a bank deposit.

Bovespa (BVSP) is a Brazilian stock index traded on the São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo). The index consists of the 50 largest companies in Brazil (the so-called "blue chips") and plays the role of one of the key macroeconomic indicators throughout Latin America.

Broker - an institutional and regulated intermediary in the trading of financial instruments.

Brokerage is the implementation of purchase and sale transactions with securities on the stock exchange on behalf of their present or future owner. As a rule, when transferring securities for brokerage, a power of attorney is issued.

Brokerage association
Brokerage association - an association of brokers-members of the exchange, which is officially registered on the exchange for the purpose of joint execution of client orders.

Bull is a market participant who expects the price to rise. A bull market is a rising market.

Buy - a deal to buy.

Buy Limit
Buy Limit - a pending order to buy, which is below market prices.

Buy-stop - a pending order to buy, which is above market prices.